Longwood High School / Science Department
AP Biology

The two main goals of AP Biology are to help students develop a conceptual framework for modern biology and to help students gain an appreciation of science as a process. The ongoing information explosion in biology makes these goals even more challenging. Primary emphasis in an Advanced Placement Biology course is to develop an understanding of concepts rather than on memorizing terms and technical details. Essential to this conceptual understanding are the following: a grasp of science as a process rather than as an accumulation of facts; personal experience in scientific inquiry; recognition of unifying themes that integrate the major topics of biology; and application of biological knowledge and critical thinking to environmental and social concerns.

  • Molecules and Cells
    1. Chemistry of Life
      1. Water
      2. Organic molecules in organisms
      3. Free energy changes
      4. Enzymes

    2. Cells
      1. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
      2. Membranes
      3. Subcellular organization
      4. Cell cycle and its regulation

    3. Cellular Energetics
      1. Coupled reactions
      2. Fermentation and cellular respiration
      3. Photosynthesis

  • Heredity and Evolution
    1. Heredity
      1. Meiosis and gametogenesis
      2. Eukaryotic chromosomes
      3. Inheritance patterns

    2. Molecular Genetics
      1. RNA and DNA structure and function
      2. Gene regulation
      3. Mutation
      4. Viral structure and replication
      5. Nucleic acid technology and applications

    3. Evolutionary Biology
      1. Early evolution of life
      2. Evidence for evolution
      3. Mechanisms of evolution

  • Organisms and Populations
    1. Diversity of Organisms
      1. Evolutionary patterns
      2. Survey of the diversity of life
      3. Phylogenetic classification
      4. Evolutionary relationships

    2. B. Structure and Function of Plants and Animals
      1. Reproduction, growth, and development
      2. Structural, physiological, and behavioral adaptations
      3. Response to the environment

    3. Ecology
      1. Population dynamics
      2. Communities and ecosystems
      3. Global issues

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