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Science Offerings


 

Science Course Offerings 

Science relies on logic and creativity. It is a way of knowing an intellectual and social process that applies human intelligence to explaining how the world works. Scientific explanations are developed using both observations and what people already know about the world. All scientific explanations are tentative and subject to change. Good science is a combination of questioning, experiments, evidence, logical argument, ingenuity, and skeptical peer review. Understanding the scientific view of the natural world is an essential part of personal, societal, and ethical decision making. Scientific literacy involves internalizing the scientific critical attitude so that it can be applied in everyday life. 

The courses offered by the Longwood Science Department are broken into two groups. The first group is composed of Regents and Advanced Placement laboratory courses in which students can earn one credit in science. The second group consists of elective courses that have been developed locally which can earn one-half credit depending on the course. Students must earn three credits in science. Two of the credits must be earned by completing two Regents laboratory courses. One of the credits of study must come from the Physical Setting represented by Earth Science, Chemistry and/or Physics. The second credit must be from the Living Environment represented by Biology. All students enrolled in laboratory classes must meet the State-mandated laboratory requirement before sitting for a science Regents Exam. This requirement includes a minimum of 1200 minutes of hands-on laboratory experience with submission of satisfactory lab reports. All students must pass one Regents Exam to earn a Regents Diploma. The passing grade for all Regents Exams is 65. For those students interested in earning a Regents Diploma with Advanced Designation, a minimum of two Regents Exams must be passed, with at least one from The Living Environment and one from the Physical Setting. 

Science Lab Courses 

All students enrolled in laboratory classes must meet the state mandated laboratory requirements before sitting for a Science Regents Exam. This requirement includes a minimum of 1200 minutes of hands-on laboratory experience with submission of satisfactory lab reports. 

 

0401 Earth Science – Physical Setting (1 Credit) 

This laboratory course is based on the activities and content specified in the New York State Earth Science Core Curriculum which encompasses the basic concepts of astronomy, meteorology, and geology. The physical events and features of the Earth and its environment are examined as students study earth motions, stellar cycles, weather, climate, rocks, minerals, erosion, landscapes, earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, and the fossil record. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in Earth Science.  

Grade Taught: 9
Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved

 

0405 The Living Environment (1 Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Earth Science. 

This laboratory course is based on the New York State Living Environment Core Curriculum. Topics of study include unity and diversity among living things, anatomy and physiology, reproduction and development, genetics, evolution, ecology, and the impact of human activities on the physical and living environment. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in The Living Environment. 

Grades Taught: 10 - 11 and Grade 9 accelerated students
Meets Living Environment Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

 

0409 Chemistry - Physical Setting (1 Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

This laboratory course is based on the activities and content specified in the New York State Chemistry Core Curriculum. Topics of study include matter and energy, atomic structure, bonding, the periodic table, acid-base theories, redox and electrochemistry, organic chemistry, applications of chemical principles, and nuclear chemistry. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in Chemistry.  

Grades Taught: 10 - 12
Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved 

 

0411 Physics - Physical Setting (1 Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Regents Chemistry. 

This laboratory course is based on the activities and content specified in the New York State Physics Core Curriculum. Topics of study include mechanics, energy, electricity and magnetism, wave phenomena, modern physics, and motion. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in Physics. 

Grades Taught: 11-12
Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

 

0412 Advanced Placement Chemistry (1 Credit - Advanced Placement) 

Prerequisite: Final grade of 85 or better in Earth Science and Living Environment and an 85 or better on each of the corresponding Regents Exams.  Current AP Biology students must have a final grade of 80 or better in the course and 85 or better on each of the corresponding Regents Exams.  Teacher recommendation and a summer assignment required. 

This is a laboratory college-level course. Topics covered by this course are structure of matter, states of matter, and descriptive chemistry. Reactions are also included with the topics of kinetics, equilibrium, and basic thermodynamics. This course covers material in a much greater depth than Regents Chemistry. Satisfactory completion of a summer assignment is required in order to take this class. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. A midterm examination will be given, and all students will take the Chemistry Regents Examination in June.  Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.       

Grades Taught: 12 or 10 and 11 with recommendation of the Department Chairperson
Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

0402 Advanced Placement Biology (1 Credit Advanced Placement) – For Grade 9 accelerated students 

Prerequisite: For 8th grade accelerated students, a final grade of 90 or better in Earth Science, a 90 or better on the June Regents Exam, and teacher recommendation. It is strongly recommended that students considering this course earn a minimum grade of 95 in Earth Science, a minimum grade of 95 on the Earth Science Regents examination and demonstrate their scholarship in all their academic subjects.

This is an extremely rigorous college level, laboratory course which meets for a double period every day. Some major topics of concern will include cell structure, biochemistry, photosynthesis, respiration cell division, nature of the gene, human and plant studies, heredity, evolution, ecology, and behavior. This course covers material in a much greater depth than The Living Environment course and requires students to complete extensive amounts of work outside of class.  Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects and class participation. A midterm examination and the Regents exam in The Living Environment will both be given.  Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.  This course is two full periods.   

Grades Taught: 9

Meets Living Environment Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

 

0403 Advanced Placement Biology (1 Credit Advanced Placement)

Prerequisite: Grade 10-12 students need a final grade of 90 or better in Earth Science, a 90 or better on the Regents Exam and a teacher recommendation.  Satisfactory completion of a summer assignment is required in order to take this class.

This is an extremely rigorous college level, laboratory course which meets for a double period every day. Some major topics of concern will include cell structure, biochemistry, photosynthesis, respiration cell division, nature of the gene, human and plant studies, heredity, evolution, ecology, and behavior. This course covers material in a much greater depth than The Living Environment course and requires students to complete extensive amounts of work outside of class.  Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects and class participation. A midterm examination and the Regents exam in The Living Environment will both be given.  Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.  This course has a lab.  Preference will be given to grade 11 and 12 students who have completed Chemistry.   

Grades Taught: 10-12

Meets Living Environment Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

 

0435 Advanced Placement Physics 1* (1 Credit - Advanced Placement) *Formerly - AP Physics B: Algebra-Based 

Prerequisite: A final grade of 85 or better in Living Environment and Chemistry. An 85 or better on the Living Environment Regents exam.  AP Chemistry students must have a final course grade of 85 or better, a final course grade of 85 or better in AP Biology and an 85 or better on the Living Environment Regents Exam. All students require a teacher recommendation. 

This laboratory course is equivalent to a first-semester college course in algebra-based physics. The course covers Newtonian mechanics, (including rotational dynamics and angular momentum); work, energy, and power, and mechanical waves and sound. It will also introduce electric circuits. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills.  Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. Satisfactory completion of a summer assignment is required in order to take this class. A midterm examination will be given, and in June, all students will take the Physics Regents Examination. Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.       

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved
 

 

0436 Advanced Placement Physics 2 (1 Credit - Advanced Placement) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of AP Physics 1 

This laboratory course is the equivalent to a second-semester college course in algebra-based physics. The course will cover fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.    

Grade Taught: 12
NCAA Approved

 

0415 Advanced Placement Environmental Science (1 Credit - Advanced Placement) 

Prerequisite:  A final grade of 80 or better in Earth Science and Living Environment. An 85 or better on the Living Environment Regents Exam.  Successful completion of chemistry. A teacher recommendation and a summer assignment are required. 

This is a college level laboratory course that aims to provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world. The course aims to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing them. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. Satisfactory completion of a summer assignment is required in order to take this class. A midterm examination and a school final examination will be given. Students taking this course must take the Advanced Placement examination in May (fee required). Colleges may grant credit to students performing successfully on this test. The syllabus for this course has been approved by the College Board's Advanced Placement audit.   Preference will be given to grade 12 students.    

Grades Taught: 11- 12
NCAA Approved

 

Half -Year Elective Courses

0417 Marine Science (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

In this course students will study the physical characteristics of the oceans, life that lives in these vast areas, and how man in the future will utilize the oceans of the world for the benefit of mankind. Students demonstrate their proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion and participation, quarterly examinations, completing a major project or report, and taking a final examination. This is a one-semester course.  

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

0434 Anatomy and Physiology  (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

Anatomy and Physiology is the study of the human body, its tissues, organs, and organ systems. This course is intended for students considering a career in the health field or who are curious about the structures and functions of the human body. Among the topics that will be covered are the cellular basis of life, anatomical terminology, tissues, organs, organ systems, homeostasis, detection and treatment of disease, as well as current developments in science that directly relate to the fields of anatomy and physiology. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project. This is a one semester course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

0419 Human Ecology (½ Credit)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

Over population, famine, global warming, ozone depletion, habitat destruction, extinction, depletion of natural resources, and environmental degradation are but a few of the issues that face humanity as we enter into the next millennium. Over the past thirty years, concerned people have proposed solutions to these seemingly insurmountable problems. In this course, students will examine both the problems and the possible solutions to the issues threatening our environment. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project.  

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

0420 Biological Adaptations (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

The biological world is rich with diversity. Life in some form can be found in nearly every conceivable environment on the planet earth. This diversity is in part the result of organisms adapting to exploit new environments. Through the use of video tape, interactive media, scientific publications and class discussion, the student will examine many examples of the process of adaptation. The course will stress both ecological and evolutionary models to explain how and why the process of adaptation occurs. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project.  

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0421 Advanced Zoology (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

This course is designed for students who think that they may be interested in planning a career in medicine or veterinary sciences. Through dissection, both simple invertebrates and complex vertebrates will be studied. The earthworm, frog, grasshopper, snake, and pigeon are among the animals that will be studied. Students demonstrate their proficiency through required dissections, class discussion and participation, practical exams, written papers and a final examination. This is a one semester course. 

Grades taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

0424 Animal and Plant Behavior (½ Credit)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

This course will cover how the behavior of plants and animals aid in the survival of the organisms. Biological clocks, courtship activities, claiming territory, varying amounts of stimuli such as light, food, and temperature are some of the topics that are covered in this course. Students demonstrate their proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion and participation, quarterly examinations, and completing research projects. This is a one-semester course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0425 Astronomy (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

This course will explore the nature of the universe and humanity’s place in it. Using the earth as a starting point, this course will explore the moon, sun, planets, stars, constellations, nebulae, galaxies, and even the ever-intriguing black holes. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0426 Meteorology (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

Blizzards, hurricanes, thunderstorms, tornadoes. In this course, both nature’s violent outbursts, and the more mundane day-to-day atmospheric conditions will be explored. Solar and terrestrial radiation, moisture and atmospheric stability, forms of condensation and precipitation, air pressure and winds, air masses, and weather analysis and forecasting will be covered in this course. Students demonstrate their proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion and participation, quarterly examinations, keeping daily weather logs, and taking a final examination. This is a one-semester course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

0427 Laboratory Techniques (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

This laboratory course samples the methods and procedures used by forensic scientists in determining the facts surrounding a crime. Typically, it includes the disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics but just about any area of science could be called into question in a court of law. Among the topics that will be covered are DNA analysis, ballistics, personal identification from prints and traces, chromatography, and crime scene reconstruction. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project. This is a one semester course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0429 Advanced Science Research (½ Credit - Honors) 

Prerequisite: Interest in research, successful completion of science courses and teacher recommendation. 

This independent study course will further develop research skills necessary for the student’s participation in national competitions, as well as college level laboratory and research work. A major component of this course will require the student to work with local/national research laboratories. Students will be scheduled into the Science Research Seminar class and will work on advanced science research projects independently under the direct supervision of the teacher. Students demonstrate their proficiency through designing and completing their own projects and by the successful entering of recognized science competitions. This course can be taken more than once, however not more than ½ credit can be awarded per school year or per project. 

Grades Taught: 9 - 12
NCAA Approved

  

0430 Geology (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment. 

Archaeology, fossil record, volcanoes, earthquakes, rocks, minerals, gemstones, groundwater, landscapes, topographic maps and the ways geologic processes can affect human activity are the main topics in this Geology course. Students will explore in more depth the geology topics introduced in Earth Science. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, class participation, quarterly exams, projects, research and taking a final examination. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

  

0432 Biology Intensive 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment laboratory requirement. 

This semester-length course is designed for students that have met the laboratory requirement in Biology but require additional instruction to successfully complete the Living Environment Core Curriculum. Students will take this course in the fall semester and sit for the Living Environment Regents Examination in January. Course credit for biology may be earned by meeting all assignment requirements and passing the Biology Regents Examination administered at the end of the semester. For students that have already passed the Biology course and earned one credit, no additional credit can be awarded.

 

The following courses are adapted to provide for student needs and
accommodations as specified in an Individual Education Plan (IEP)

Prerequisites: IEP, Current Teacher Approval, Department Chairperson/Supervisor Approval 

 

0452 Astronomy (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

This course will explore the nature of the universe and humanity’s place in it. Using the earth as a starting point, this course will explore the moon, sun, planets, stars, constellations, nebulae, galaxies, and even the ever-intriguing black holes. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0450 Earth Science Physical Setting (1 Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

This laboratory course is based on the activities and content specified in the New York State Earth Science Core Curriculum which encompasses the basic concepts of astronomy, meteorology, and geology. The physical events and features of the Earth and its environment are examined as students study earth motions, stellar cycles, weather, climate, rocks, minerals, erosion, landscapes, earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, and the fossil record. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in Earth Science. 

Meets Physical Science Requirement
NCAA Approved

 

0460 The Living Environment (1 Credit)

This laboratory course is based on the New York State Living Environment Core Curriculum. Topics of study include unity and diversity among living things, anatomy and physiology, reproduction and development, genetics, evolution, ecology, and the impact of human activities on the physical and living environment. Students demonstrate their proficiency through examinations, laboratory activities, homework, projects, and class participation. This course concludes with the New York State Regents Examination in The Living Environment.

Grade Taught:  9

Meets Living Environment Requirement 
NCAA Approved

 

0456 Laboratory Techniques (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

This laboratory course samples the methods and procedures used by forensic scientists in determining the facts surrounding a crime. Typically, it includes all disciplines of biology, chemistry, and physics but just about any area of science could be called into question in a court of law. Among the topics that will be covered are DNA analysis, ballistics, personal identification from prints and traces, chromatography, and crime scene reconstruction. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, class participation and completion of a research project.

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

  

0462 Human Ecology (½ Credit) 

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

Over population, famine, global warming, ozone depletion, habitat destruction, extinction, depletion of natural resources, and environmental degradation are but a few of the issues that face humanity as we enter into the next millennium. Over the past thirty years, concerned people have proposed solutions to these seemingly insurmountable problems. In this course, students will examine both the problems and the possible solutions to the issues threatening our environment, including community service projects. Students demonstrate proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion, examinations, and class participation.  

Grades Taught: 11 - 12 
NCAA Approved 

  

0465 Marine Science (½ Credit)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of The Living Environment or Earth Science. 

In this course students will study the physical characteristics of the oceans, life that lives in these vast areas, and how man in the future will utilize the oceans of the world for the benefit of mankind. Students demonstrate their proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion and participation, quarterly examinations, and taking a final examination. This is a one-semester course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved 

 

0461 Meteorology (½ Credit) 

In this course, both nature's violent outbursts and the more mundane day-to-day atmospheric conditions will be explored. Solar and terrestrial radiation, moisture and atmospheric stability, forms of condensation and precipitation, air pressure and winds, air masses, and weather analysis and forecasting will be covered in this course. Students demonstrate their proficiency through topical investigations, class discussion and participation, quarterly examinations, keeping daily weather logs, and taking a final examination. This is a one semester-course. 

Grades Taught: 11 - 12
NCAA Approved

 

 

 

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